Shakespeare's comedy explores the theme of Love, offering the audience a number of examples of different types of Love, from the measured courtly love of Athenian noble Theseus and his bride to be Hippolyta, to the jealous passion of fairies Oberon and Titania.
At the play's opening, Shakespeare introduces us to romantic love in the shape of four young Athenians, Hermia, Lysander, Helena and Demetrius. Over the course of the play, the love that they profess for one another will be tested through the meddling of Oberon and Puck. The end of the play brings resolution, with Hermia and Lysander, and Helena and Demetrius happily paired off and preparing for marriage.
Central to the play's action is the theme of enchantment in love, whether it be Titania's blind infatuation with Bottom, or Demetrius' bewitchment by Puck. Shakespeare contrasts the stately, reasoned love demonstrated by Theseus and Hippolyta with the irrational love professed by Demetrius and Lysander whilst under the influence of Puck's love potion, and the unrestrained, darker love professed by Titania under enchantment.